Heterogeneity of fibrosis patterns in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease supports the presence of multiple fibrogenic pathways

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Heterogeneity of fibrosis patterns in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease supports the presence of multiple fibrogenic pathways

author Skoien, R
author Richardson, MM
author Jonsson, JR
author Powell, EE
author Brunt, EM
author Neuschwander-Tetri, BA
author Bhathal, PS
author Dixon, JB
author O'Brien, PE
author Tilg, H
author Moschen, AR
author Baumann, U
author Brown, RM
author Couper, RT
author Manton, ND
author Ee, LC
author Weltman, M
author Clouston, AD
Year 2013
citation Liver Int 2013;33(4):624-32
issn 1478-3223
URI http://hdl.handle.net/11187/1543
abstract BACKGROUND: Adult non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) involves lobular necroinflammatory activity and fibrosis is typically centrilobular, whereas paediatric NAFLD has predominantly portal fibrosis. The reasons for these differences are unclear. We aimed to determine (a) how centrilobular and portal fibrosis in children relate to histological parameters; and (b) whether atypical fibrosis patterns exist in adults that are unexplained by current fibrogenesis models. METHODS: Histological features of paediatric (n = 38) and adult (n = 56) NAFLD were assessed using conventional scoring systems. Keratin-7 immunostaining was used to assess hepatic progenitor cell numbers and the ductular reaction. Centrilobular and portal components of fibrosis were independently scored and fibrosis patterns were classified according to accepted types. Post-treatment (rosiglitazone/gastric banding) biopsies were also examined in adults. RESULTS: Twenty-six children (68.4%) had portal-predominant fibrosis, although the typical "adult" pattern was seen in 11 (28.9%). Portal fibrosis was associated with a ductular reaction (P = 0.021) and hepatic progenitor cell expansion (P < 0.001), whereas centrilobular fibrosis was associated with lobular inflammation (P = 0.026) and ballooning (P = 0.001). Before intervention, six adults (10.7%) had atypical fibrosis including 3 (5.4%) with a previously unrecognized pattern of very fine, non-zonal sinusoidal fibrosis. Despite improvements in steatosis and inflammation, more patients developed this unusual pattern after intervention with most having had surgery (9 of 10 adults; P < 0.001). CONCLUSION: Differing associations with portal and centrilobular fibrosis in children and atypical fibrosis patterns in adults suggest that multiple fibrogenic pathways exist in NAFLD. This has implications for therapy and understanding pathogenesis. © 2013 John Wiley & Sons A/S.
sponsorship NHMRC: 586686 Other
publisher Wiley-Blackwell
title Heterogeneity of fibrosis patterns in non-alcoholic fatty liver disease supports the presence of multiple fibrogenic pathways
type Journal Article
doi 10.1111/liv.12100
Link https://doi.org/10.1111/liv.12100


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